Historically, sea freight was the primary way of carrying cargo by ocean-going vessels. Generally, it is dependable and cost-effective. Generally, rates are calculated in cubic meters and are valid up to the port of destination. There are the customary surcharges and, of course, you must account for customs costs. However, as compared to air freight, the entire cost is affordable. The Bill of Lading is the most critical document for maritime freight.
This is the paperwork supplied to the shipper by the carrier or the transporter’s agent. The bill of lading acts as a legal agreement for the transportation of consigned goods. It is a receipt for items accepted for transportation. This bill of lading must be submitted at the destination port. This document becomes available around four days after the ship has departed.
Sea freight offers significant advantages. Container ships are capable of transporting enormous amounts of cargo across long distances. Bulk goods can be kept either in containers or on pallets. It is irrelevant, as the ships will transport the cargo to its final destination port. On the other hand, land freight has a lower volume and more restricted access. Additionally, items that are transported by many vehicles can be transported by a single vessel in a single journey.
Sea travel is safer than land transport over large distances. Trucks will be required to traverse difficult and unknown terrain. The risk of hijacking, robbery, and road accidents is constantly present. Sea travel is effortless. Ships can also dock in the event of inclement weather. Merchant maritime companies can always seek help from the Coast Guard in the event of hazardous seas or pirate concerns.
Sea freight is more cost-effective than land transit. However, the latter becomes more expensive since more persons and resources are required to assist the transportation. A single ship is capable of storing a wide variety of commodities. It is equipped with enormous refrigeration capabilities for goods that demand constant cold temperatures. Additionally, seagoing boats have huge storage spaces. Trucking space is limited. Therefore chilled products must be transported in separate cars. The only drawbacks of water transportation are speed, navigation, and weather conditions.
Ocean freighters can transport and deliver a wide variety of consignments. There are several types of cargo, including general cargo, oversize and heavy merchandise, bulk cargo, refrigerated products, and dangerous goods. However, you must get various types of licenses and pay the associated customs costs for certain consignments. Freight forwarders can offer you price estimates and assistance with documentation.